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Android Bottom Navigation stays at the bottom of the screen providing navigation between -level views in the app. This is introduced in design support library with backward compatibility. Bottom Navigation should be used when the app has three to five level navigations.

This article explains the basics of Bottom Navigation, combing it with Fragments. We also going to learn how to load the first fragment with grid (using RecyclerView) by fetching JSON through http call.

android-bottom-naviation-tutorial-using-fragments Android Working with Bottom Navigation - wAAACwAAAAAAQABAEACAkQBADs  - Android Working with Bottom Navigation

1. Bottom Navigation

The Bottom Navigation can be easily added using BottomNavigationView component. You have to use gravitation or relative attributes to make it appear at the bottom of the screen.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<android.support.design.widget.CoordinatorLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools">

    <FrameLayout
        android:id="@+id/frame_container"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        app:layout_behavior="@string/appbar_scrolling_view_behavior" />

    <android.support.design.widget.BottomNavigationView
        android:id="@+id/navigation"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_gravity="bottom"
        android:background="?android:attr/windowBackground"
        app:itemBackground="@color/bgBottomNavigation"
        android:foreground="?attr/selectableItemBackground"
        app:itemIconTint="@android:color/white"
        app:itemTextColor="@android:color/white"
        app:menu="@menu/navigation" />

</android.support.design.widget.CoordinatorLayout>

Here few important attributes has to noted down.

app:menu — The menu resource file to display the navigation items along with icon and text.
app:itemBackground — Applies background color to bottom navigation.
app:itemTextColor — The text color of bottom navigation item.
app:itemIconTint — The icon color of bottom navigation item.

When to use Bottom Navigation?
As per the design specs, the below navigations should be used depending on the criteria.

> Navigation Drawer – Use when top-level navigation has more than six destinations.

> Tabs – Use when there are two navigational destinations.

> Bottom Navigation – Use when there are three to five top-level destinations.

Before going further, have a quick look at the design specifications of Bottom Navigation.

android-bottom-navigation-tutorial Android Working with Bottom Navigation - wAAACwAAAAAAQABAEACAkQBADs  - Android Working with Bottom Navigation

Now let’s try it by creating a new project in Android Studio.

2. Creating New Project

1. Create a new project in Android Studio from File ⇒ New Project and select Basic Activity from templates.

2. Download this res folder and add the drawables to your project’s res. This folder contains necessary drawables required for bottom navigation items.

3. Make sure you have design support library in your build.gradle.

dependencies {
    implementation 'com.android.support:design:26.1.0'
}

4. Add below color, string values to your colors.xml and strings.xml.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<resources>
    <color name="colorPrimary">#7b4bff</color>
    <color name="colorPrimaryDark">#6539ba</color>
    <color name="colorAccent">#FF4081</color>
    <color name="bgBottomNavigation">#fe485a</color>
</resources>
<resources>
    <string name="app_name">Bottom Navigation</string>
    <string name="title_shop">Shop</string>
    <string name="title_gifts">Gifts</string>
    <string name="title_cart">Cart</string>
    <string name="title_profile">Profile</string>
</resources>

5. As the Bottom Navigation items rendered using a menu file, create a new xml named navigation.xml under res ⇒ menu folder.

6. Open the layout file of main activity i.e activity_main.xml and add BottomNavigationView widget. Here we are also adding a FrameLayout to load the Fragments when the navigation item is selected.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<android.support.design.widget.CoordinatorLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:id="@+id/container"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    tools:context="info.androidhive.bottomnavigation.MainActivity">

    <FrameLayout
        android:id="@+id/frame_container"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        app:layout_behavior="@string/appbar_scrolling_view_behavior" />

    <android.support.design.widget.BottomNavigationView
        android:id="@+id/navigation"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_gravity="bottom"
        android:background="?android:attr/windowBackground"
        app:itemBackground="@color/bgBottomNavigation"
        android:foreground="?attr/selectableItemBackground"
        app:itemIconTint="@android:color/white"
        app:itemTextColor="@android:color/white"
        app:menu="@menu/navigation" />

</android.support.design.widget.CoordinatorLayout>

7. Now open MainActivity.java and modify it as below.

> Here, OnNavigationItemSelectedListener will be called when the bottom navigation item is selected. For now we are just changing the toolbar title upon selecting the navigation item.

package info.androidhive.bottomnavigation;

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.annotation.NonNull;
import android.support.design.widget.BottomNavigationView;
import android.support.design.widget.CoordinatorLayout;
import android.support.v4.app.Fragment;
import android.support.v4.app.FragmentTransaction;
import android.support.v7.app.ActionBar;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.view.MenuItem;

import info.androidhive.bottomnavigation.fragment.CartFragment;
import info.androidhive.bottomnavigation.fragment.GiftsFragment;
import info.androidhive.bottomnavigation.fragment.ProfileFragment;
import info.androidhive.bottomnavigation.fragment.StoreFragment;
import info.androidhive.bottomnavigation.helper.BottomNavigationBehavior;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    private ActionBar toolbar;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

        toolbar = getSupportActionBar();

        BottomNavigationView navigation = (BottomNavigationView) findViewById(R.id.navigation);
        navigation.setOnNavigationItemSelectedListener(mOnNavigationItemSelectedListener);

        toolbar.setTitle("Shop");
    }

    private BottomNavigationView.OnNavigationItemSelectedListener mOnNavigationItemSelectedListener
            = new BottomNavigationView.OnNavigationItemSelectedListener() {

        @Override
        public boolean onNavigationItemSelected(@NonNull MenuItem item) {
            Fragment fragment;
            switch (item.getItemId()) {
                case R.id.navigation_shop:
                    toolbar.setTitle("Shop");
                    return true;
                case R.id.navigation_gifts:
                    toolbar.setTitle("My Gifts");
                    return true;
                case R.id.navigation_cart:
                    toolbar.setTitle("Cart");
                    return true;
                case R.id.navigation_profile:
                    toolbar.setTitle("Profile");
                    return true;
            }
            return false;
        }
    };
}

If you run the app, you can see the bottom navigation displayed as shown below.

android-bottom-navigation-with-fragments Android Working with Bottom Navigation - wAAACwAAAAAAQABAEACAkQBADs  - Android Working with Bottom Navigation

3. Adding Fragments

As we have the Bottom Navigation , let’s see how to switch views when the navigation menu item is selected. This can be done easily by using the Fragments.

Note: ViewPager shouldn’t be used when using Bottom Navigation as per design specs (Avoid using lateral motion to transition between views)

I am creating four fragments named StoreFragment, GiftsFragment, CartFragment and ProfileFragment.

8. Create new Fragment by going to File ⇒ New ⇒ Fragment ⇒ Fragment (Blank) and name it as StoreFragment.java. Likewise create other three fragments too.

9. Open MainActivity.java and modify bottom navigation listener as below to load the fragments in FrameLayout.

> loadFragment() – loads the Fragment into FrameLayout. The same method is called in OnNavigationItemSelectedListener callback by passing appropriate fragment instance.
> The logic needed for specific module goes into appropriate Fragment keeping the MainActivity clean.

package info.androidhive.bottomnavigation;

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.annotation.NonNull;
import android.support.design.widget.BottomNavigationView;
import android.support.design.widget.CoordinatorLayout;
import android.support.v4.app.Fragment;
import android.support.v4.app.FragmentTransaction;
import android.support.v7.app.ActionBar;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.view.MenuItem;

import info.androidhive.bottomnavigation.fragment.CartFragment;
import info.androidhive.bottomnavigation.fragment.GiftsFragment;
import info.androidhive.bottomnavigation.fragment.ProfileFragment;
import info.androidhive.bottomnavigation.fragment.StoreFragment;
import info.androidhive.bottomnavigation.helper.BottomNavigationBehavior;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    private ActionBar toolbar;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

        toolbar = getSupportActionBar();

        // load the store fragment by default
        toolbar.setTitle("Shop");
        loadFragment(new StoreFragment());
    }

    private BottomNavigationView.OnNavigationItemSelectedListener mOnNavigationItemSelectedListener
            = new BottomNavigationView.OnNavigationItemSelectedListener() {

        @Override
        public boolean onNavigationItemSelected(@NonNull MenuItem item) {
            Fragment fragment;
            switch (item.getItemId()) {
                case R.id.navigation_shop:
                    toolbar.setTitle("Shop");
                    fragment = new StoreFragment();
                    loadFragment(fragment);
                    return true;
                case R.id.navigation_gifts:
                    toolbar.setTitle("My Gifts");
                    fragment = new GiftsFragment();
                    loadFragment(fragment);
                    return true;
                case R.id.navigation_cart:
                    toolbar.setTitle("Cart");
                    fragment = new CartFragment();
                    loadFragment(fragment);
                    return true;
                case R.id.navigation_profile:
                    toolbar.setTitle("Profile");
                    fragment = new ProfileFragment();
                    loadFragment(fragment);
                    return true;
            }

            return false;
        }
    };

    private void loadFragment(Fragment fragment) {
        // load fragment
        FragmentTransaction transaction = getSupportFragmentManager().beginTransaction();
        transaction.replace(R.id.frame_container, fragment);
        transaction.addToBackStack(null);
        transaction.commit();
    }

}

Now if you run the project you can see the fragments loaded when navigation is selected.

Android Working with Bottom Navigation - wAAACwAAAAAAQABAEACAkQBADs  - Android Working with Bottom Navigation

4. Implementing ShopFragment – Displaying Items in Grid

Now we’ll see how to implement the first fragment i.e ShopFragment which displays the shop items in a Grid fashion. For demonstration, I have created a sample json which contains few movies for sale. To implement this, all we have to do is, fetch json and display the data in RecyclerView in a grid format. To make the task simpler, follow my other article which explains the same.

https://api.androidhive.info/json/movies_2017.json

. Open build.gradle and add RecyclerView, CardView, Volley and Glide dependencies.

dependencies {
    // RecyclerView
    compile 'com.android.support:recyclerview-v7:26.1.0'

    // CardView
    compile 'com.android.support:cardview-v7:26.1.0'

    // volley http library
    implementation 'com.android.volley:volley:1.0.0'
    implementation 'com.google.code.gson:gson:2.6.2'

    // glide image library
    implementation 'com.github.bumptech.glide:glide:4.3.1'
}

11. Create a class named MyApplication.java implement the class from Application. This is a singleton class in which volley library will be initiated.

package info.androidhive.bottomnavigation.app;

import android.app.Application;
import android.text.TextUtils;

import com.android.volley.Request;
import com.android.volley.RequestQueue;
import com.android.volley.toolbox.Volley;

public class MyApplication extends Application {

    public static final String TAG = MyApplication.class
            .getSimpleName();

    private RequestQueue mRequestQueue;

    private static MyApplication mInstance;

    @Override
    public void onCreate() {
        super.onCreate();
        mInstance = this;
    }

    public static synchronized MyApplication getInstance() {
        return mInstance;
    }

    public RequestQueue getRequestQueue() {
        if (mRequestQueue == null) {
            mRequestQueue = Volley.newRequestQueue(getApplicationContext());
        }

        return mRequestQueue;
    }

    public <T> void addToRequestQueue(Request<T> req, String tag) {
        // set the default tag if tag is empty
        req.setTag(TextUtils.isEmpty(tag) ? TAG : tag);
        getRequestQueue().add(req);
    }

    public <T> void addToRequestQueue(Request<T> req) {
        req.setTag(TAG);
        getRequestQueue().add(req);
    }

    public void cancelPendingRequests(Object tag) {
        if (mRequestQueue != null) {
            mRequestQueue.cancelAll(tag);
        }
    }
}

12. Open AndroidManifest.xml and add MyApplication to <application> tag. We also need INTERNET permission as we gonna make http calls.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    package="info.androidhive.bottomnavigation">

    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET"/>

    <application
        android:name=".app.MyApplication"
        android:allowBackup="true"
        android:icon="@mipmap/ic_launcher"
        android:label="@string/app_name"
        android:roundIcon="@mipmap/ic_launcher_round"
        android:supportsRtl="true"
        android:theme="@style/AppTheme">
        <activity
            android:name=".MainActivity"
            android:label="@string/app_name">
            <intent-filter>
                <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />

                <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
            </intent-filter>
        </activity>
    </application>
</manifest>

13. Open the layout file of StoreFragment i.e fragment_store.xml and add below layout code. Here we are adding the RecyclerView component.

<android.support.v4.widget.NestedScrollView xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:background="#f1f5f7"
    tools:context="info.androidhive.bottomnavigation.fragment.StoreFragment">

    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:orientation="vertical">

        <TextView
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:paddingLeft="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
            android:paddingTop="10dp"
            android:text="New Release Films"
            android:textColor="#111"
            android:textSize="16dp" />

        <android.support.v7.widget.RecyclerView
            android:id="@+id/recycler_view"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:clipToPadding="false"
            android:scrollbars="vertical" />
    </LinearLayout>
</android.support.v4.widget.NestedScrollView>

14. Create an xml layout named store_item_row.xml under res ⇒ layout. This layout file will be used in RecyclerView adapter class to render single item.

<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:card_view="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content">

    <android.support.v7.widget.CardView
        android:id="@+id/card_view"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:layout_gravity="center"
        android:layout_margin="@dimen/card_margin"
        android:clickable="true"
        android:elevation="3dp"
        android:foreground="?attr/selectableItemBackground"
        card_view:cardCornerRadius="@dimen/card_album_radius">

        <RelativeLayout
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="match_parent">

            <ImageView
                android:id="@+id/thumbnail"
                android:layout_width="match_parent"
                android:layout_height="@dimen/album_cover_height"
                android:background="?attr/selectableItemBackgroundBorderless"
                android:clickable="true"
                android:scaleType="fitXY" />

            <TextView
                android:id="@+id/title"
                android:layout_width="match_parent"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:layout_below="@id/thumbnail"
                android:lines="2"
                android:paddingLeft="@dimen/album_title_padding"
                android:paddingRight="@dimen/album_title_padding"
                android:paddingTop="@dimen/album_title_padding"
                android:textColor="#111"
                android:textSize="11dp" />

            <TextView
                android:id="@+id/price"
                android:layout_width="match_parent"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:layout_below="@id/title"
                android:layout_marginRight="10dp"
                android:gravity="right"
                android:paddingBottom="@dimen/songs_count_padding_bottom"
                android:textColor="@color/colorAccent"
                android:textSize="11dp" />

        </RelativeLayout>

    </android.support.v7.widget.CardView>
</LinearLayout>

15. Create a class named Movie.java. This POJO class will be useful while parsing the json.

package info.androidhive.bottomnavigation;

public class Movie {
    String title;
    String image;
    String price;

    public String getTitle() {
        return title;
    }

    public void setTitle(String title) {
        this.title = title;
    }

    public String getImage() {
        return image;
    }

    public void setImage(String image) {
        this.image = image;
    }

    public String getPrice() {
        return price;
    }

    public void setPrice(String price) {
        this.price = price;
    }
}

16. Now open StoreFragment.java and add below code. For simplicity the RecyclerView adapter class StoreAdapter included in the same fragment.

> fetchStoreItems() Method fetches the movies json using Volley and serializes it using Gson.

> StoreAdapter class renders the movies in RecyclerView.

package info.androidhive.bottomnavigation.fragment;


import android.content.Context;
import android.content.res.Resources;
import android.graphics.Rect;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.v4.app.Fragment;
import android.support.v7.widget.DefaultItemAnimator;
import android.support.v7.widget.GridLayoutManager;
import android.support.v7.widget.RecyclerView;
import android.util.Log;
import android.util.TypedValue;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.widget.ImageView;
import android.widget.TextView;
import android.widget.Toast;

import com.android.volley.Response;
import com.android.volley.VolleyError;
import com.android.volley.toolbox.JsonArrayRequest;
import com.bumptech.glide.Glide;
import com.google.gson.Gson;
import com.google.gson.reflect.TypeToken;

import org.json.JSONArray;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

import info.androidhive.bottomnavigation.Movie;
import info.androidhive.bottomnavigation.app.MyApplication;
import info.androidhive.bottomnavigation.R;

public class StoreFragment extends Fragment {

    private static final String TAG = StoreFragment.class.getSimpleName();
    private static final String URL = "https://api.androidhive.info/json/movies_2017.json";

    private RecyclerView recyclerView;
    private List<Movie> movieList;
    private StoreAdapter mAdapter;

    public StoreFragment() {
        // Required empty public constructor
    }

    public static StoreFragment newInstance(String param1, String param2) {
        StoreFragment fragment = new StoreFragment();
        Bundle args = new Bundle();
        fragment.setArguments(args);
        return fragment;
    }

    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    }

    @Override
    public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, ViewGroup container,
                             Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        // Inflate the layout for this fragment
        View view = inflater.inflate(R.layout.fragment_store, container, false);

        recyclerView = view.findViewById(R.id.recycler_view);
        movieList = new ArrayList<>();
        mAdapter = new StoreAdapter(getActivity(), movieList);

        RecyclerView.LayoutManager mLayoutManager = new GridLayoutManager(getActivity(), 3);
        recyclerView.setLayoutManager(mLayoutManager);
        recyclerView.addItemDecoration(new GridSpacingItemDecoration(2, dpToPx(8), true));
        recyclerView.setItemAnimator(new DefaultItemAnimator());
        recyclerView.setAdapter(mAdapter);
        recyclerView.setNestedScrollingEnabled(false);

        fetchStoreItems();

        return view;
    }

    private void fetchStoreItems() {
        JsonArrayRequest request = new JsonArrayRequest(URL,
                new Response.Listener<JSONArray>() {
                    @Override
                    public void onResponse(JSONArray response) {
                        if (response == null) {
                            Toast.makeText(getActivity(), "Couldn't fetch the store items! Pleas try again.", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
                            return;
                        }

                        List<Movie> items = new Gson().fromJson(response.toString(), new TypeToken<List<Movie>>() {
                        }.getType());

                        movieList.clear();
                        movieList.addAll(items);

                        // refreshing recycler view
                        mAdapter.notifyDataSetChanged();
                    }
                }, new Response.ErrorListener() {
            @Override
            public void onErrorResponse(VolleyError error) {
                // error in getting json
                Log.e(TAG, "Error: " + error.getMessage());
                Toast.makeText(getActivity(), "Error: " + error.getMessage(), Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
            }
        });

        MyApplication.getInstance().addToRequestQueue(request);
    }

    public class GridSpacingItemDecoration extends RecyclerView.ItemDecoration {

        private int spanCount;
        private int spacing;
        private boolean includeEdge;

        public GridSpacingItemDecoration(int spanCount, int spacing, boolean includeEdge) {
            this.spanCount = spanCount;
            this.spacing = spacing;
            this.includeEdge = includeEdge;
        }

        @Override
        public void getItemOffsets(Rect outRect, View view, RecyclerView parent, RecyclerView.State state) {
            int position = parent.getChildAdapterPosition(view); // item position
            int column = position % spanCount; // item column

            if (includeEdge) {
                outRect.left = spacing - column * spacing / spanCount; // spacing - column * ((1f / spanCount) * spacing)
                outRect.right = (column + 1) * spacing / spanCount; // (column + 1) * ((1f / spanCount) * spacing)

                if (position < spanCount) { // top edge
                    outRect.top = spacing;
                }
                outRect.bottom = spacing; // item bottom
            } else {
                outRect.left = column * spacing / spanCount; // column * ((1f / spanCount) * spacing)
                outRect.right = spacing - (column + 1) * spacing / spanCount; // spacing - (column + 1) * ((1f /    spanCount) * spacing)
                if (position >= spanCount) {
                    outRect.top = spacing; // item top
                }
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * Converting dp to pixel
     */
    private int dpToPx(int dp) {
        Resources r = getResources();
        return Math.round(TypedValue.applyDimension(TypedValue.COMPLEX_UNIT_DIP, dp, r.getDisplayMetrics()));
    }

    class StoreAdapter extends RecyclerView.Adapter<StoreAdapter.MyViewHolder> {
        private Context context;
        private List<Movie> movieList;

        public class MyViewHolder extends RecyclerView.ViewHolder {
            public TextView name, price;
            public ImageView thumbnail;

            public MyViewHolder(View view) {
                super(view);
                name = view.findViewById(R.id.title);
                price = view.findViewById(R.id.price);
                thumbnail = view.findViewById(R.id.thumbnail);
            }
        }


        public StoreAdapter(Context context, List<Movie> movieList) {
            this.context = context;
            this.movieList = movieList;
        }

        @Override
        public MyViewHolder onCreateViewHolder(ViewGroup parent, int viewType) {
            View itemView = LayoutInflater.from(parent.getContext())
                    .inflate(R.layout.store_item_row, parent, false);

            return new MyViewHolder(itemView);
        }

        @Override
        public void onBindViewHolder(MyViewHolder holder, final int position) {
            final Movie movie = movieList.get(position);
            holder.name.setText(movie.getTitle());
            holder.price.setText(movie.getPrice());

            Glide.with(context)
                    .load(movie.getImage())
                    .into(holder.thumbnail);
        }

        @Override
        public int getItemCount() {
            return movieList.size();
        }
    }
}

Now if you run the app, you can see the ShopFragment displaying the movies in grid manner. Likewise you can implement other fragments too.

android-bottom-navigation-with-fragments-recyclerview Android Working with Bottom Navigation - wAAACwAAAAAAQABAEACAkQBADs  - Android Working with Bottom Navigation

5. Hiding Bottom Navigation on Scroll

As per design specs, the Bottom Navigation has to be hidden when the content is scrolled giving more room to content on the screen. To achieve this, we need to attach the BottomNavigationBehavior to Bottom Navigation.

17. Create a class named BottomNavigationBehavior.java with the below code.

package info.androidhive.bottomnavigation.helper;

import android.content.Context;
import android.support.design.widget.BottomNavigationView;
import android.support.design.widget.CoordinatorLayout;
import android.support.v4.view.ViewCompat;
import android.util.AttributeSet;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.FrameLayout;

public class BottomNavigationBehavior extends CoordinatorLayout.Behavior<BottomNavigationView> {

    public BottomNavigationBehavior() {
        super();
    }

    public BottomNavigationBehavior(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        super(context, attrs);
    }

    @Override
    public boolean layoutDependsOn(CoordinatorLayout parent, BottomNavigationView child, View dependency) {
        boolean dependsOn = dependency instanceof FrameLayout;
        return dependsOn;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean onStartNestedScroll(CoordinatorLayout coordinatorLayout, BottomNavigationView child, View directTargetChild, View target, int nestedScrollAxes) {
        return nestedScrollAxes == ViewCompat.SCROLL_AXIS_VERTICAL;
    }

    @Override
    public void onNestedPreScroll(CoordinatorLayout coordinatorLayout, BottomNavigationView child, View target, int dx, int dy, int[] consumed) {
        if (dy < 0) {
            showBottomNavigationView(child);
        } else if (dy > 0) {
            hideBottomNavigationView(child);
        }
    }

    private void hideBottomNavigationView(BottomNavigationView view) {
        view.animate().translationY(view.getHeight());
    }

    private void showBottomNavigationView(BottomNavigationView view) {
        view.animate().translationY(0);
    }
}

18. Add the BottomNavigationBehavior using setBehavior() in MainActivity.java as shown below.


public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    private ActionBar toolbar;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

        BottomNavigationView navigation = (BottomNavigationView) findViewById(R.id.navigation);
        navigation.setOnNavigationItemSelectedListener(mOnNavigationItemSelectedListener);

        // attaching bottom sheet behaviour - hide / show on scroll
        CoordinatorLayout.LayoutParams layoutParams = (CoordinatorLayout.LayoutParams) navigation.getLayoutParams();
        layoutParams.setBehavior(new BottomNavigationBehavior());

        // load the store fragment by default
        // ..
    }
}

Now if you test the app, you can see the Bottom Navigation sliding down when the app content is scrolled.

bottom navigation scroll listener Android Working with Bottom Navigation - wAAACwAAAAAAQABAEACAkQBADs  - Android Working with Bottom Navigation
Hi there! I am Founder at androidhive and programming enthusiast. My skills includes Android, iOS, PHP, Ruby on Rails and lot more. If you have any idea that you would want me to develop? Let’s talk: ravi@androidhive.info



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